MOA vs MARD ( Mil-Dot) Reticle : Pros and Cons

Last Updated on July 14, 2022 by Albert Smith

MOA vs MARD ( Mil-Dot) Reticle : Pros and Cons

The Mard vs Moa reticle is a common question in the hunting community. Some people prefer one, others prefer the other and still others don’t really care as long as they can hit their target.  The Mard Vs Moa reticle debate has been going on for years and there are pros and cons to both types of sights. Let’s take a look at some of them shall we?

Mard vs Moa reticle is a topic that has been discussed for years. There are many aspects to this discussion, but in the end it comes down to personal preference and which one you’re more comfortable aiming with.  Some people prefer Mard because they like what they see through them better than what they see through a moa reticle, while others may prefer the moa reticle because of how forgiving it can be when lining up shots at different distances. With so many things to consider when deciding between these two type of reticles there’s no “right” answer just as long as you make sure you’re happy with your choice!

The Mard vs. Moa Reticle is a decision that all hunters have to make when they start looking for their first rifle scope. This blog post will hopefully help you decide which reticle best suits your needs, and give some pointers on how to use the different types of reticles effectively in the field.

What is MOA?

Minute of Angle is a linear measure that indicates the angle subtended at 100 yards by 1 minute. For example, ½ MOA or ¼ MOA means an angular measurement half as big (or twice as small) than one full degree and can be used to approximate distances relative to target size.

Minute of Angle is a unit of distance in careful shooting technique that measures how much vertical space on your scope corresponds with horizontal movement on the reticle slider when you adjust it for elevation adjustments based off estimation. or holdover sight picture from another rangefinder device such as laser devices like handheld bore site lasers which are very good tools for hunting trips because they provide accurate measurements without having any type of parallax error so this will make them more accurate.

If you are a hunter or rifle enthusiast, it is important to know what Minute of Angle (MOA) means. MOA provides an accurate measurement for rifles and scopes because the bullet’s trajectory will be different at longer ranges due to its angle on downrange targets from point-blank range versus other angles.

What does MOA Mean?

A degree is the measurement of an angle in geometry. A minute, on the other hand, has to do with time and not angles. The MOA as a unit for shooting comes from this misconception that minutes are used for measuring degrees instead of seconds when it actually denotes 1/60th Degree per Minute or one whole turn around 360° divided by 60 (which equals approximated 0.002778).

MOA stands – but let’s get back to what defines this term- which is essentially how many inches you miss your target if you shoot 100 yards away at 10 meters range every single shot without fail; due to each shooter being different people have their own personal tolerance level where they can still hit their targets despite aiming off.

A rifle scope is made up of a circle with 360 degrees. Each degree can be broken down into smaller portions that are easier to work with, such as quarter-degrees (90°), half-degrees (180°) and whole degrees (.360). It’s very difficult for the human eye to make out this level of detail without any aid so it’s best go by quarters while measuring in order not only save time but also ensure accuracy.

Once you have set your rifle scope, the next step is to adjust for wind and distance. Wind direction affects how much of a bullet’s trajectory it will affect while air density changes what that effect on its flight path would be. The difference between 1/60th degree can make all the difference in shooting accuracy downrange depending on whether or not these dials are at measurements of 1/8,1/6, ½,,or even just measuring one-tenth (10) degrees off from each other!

Since there are 360 degrees in a circle—180° being half and 90° being quarter —adjustments as small as 60 seconds matter when going out into range because they change by so little but still big enough to accurate shooting.

What Does 2 MOA Mean on a Scope?

The more distant the target, the less precision is required to hit it. For example, at 100 yards away a 2 MOA adjustment should result in an average of two inches below and sideways from bullseye on paper targets or live animals alike.

The acronym MOA is used for many different things, but in the shooting world it’s an important measurement when it comes to reticles and scopes. This is because once a bullet has been fired from your gun or rifle, its trajectory can be measured by using degrees of angle with gravity as reference point. In America this preferred measure since inches are so easily converted into fractions that correlate directly to yards on any range finder.

Most Popular MOA Scopes Today

Bestseller No. 1
CVLIFE BearPower 5-25x50 FFP Rifle Scope - First Focal Plane Scope with MOA Illuminated Reticle, Zero Stop, Parallax Adjustment, Scope Rings - Long Range Scope for Hunting 30mm Tube
  • CVLIFE BearPower 5-25x50 FFP Scope: Features everything that exceeds the short to long range scope needs. The tactical rifle scope delivers uncompromising clarity, rugged reliability, and relentless precision across its trustworthy 5-25x magnification.
  • Precision Zero Reset and Zero Stop: The locking resettable windage turret and zero stop resettable elevation turret are finger adjustable with accurate and audible 1/4 MOA clicks that can be quickly and reliably reset to zero after sighting in. Max elevation adjustment: ± 40 MOA; Max windage adjustment: ± 30 MOA.
  • Glass Etched Red Illuminated Reticle: 6 levels of red illumination enhance low light visibility. The comfortable eye relief, ultra-forgiving fast focus eyepiece, and the MOA Christmas tree reticle ensure a crisper sight out to 1,500 yards, faster reticle focusing, constant accuracy, and holdover to deal with a wide extended range of hunting scenarios.
  • Clear Multi-coated Lens with Parallax Adjustment: Features anti-reflective, fully multi-coated coating on air-to-glass lenses and side parallax adjustment knob to enhance clarity, provide superior light transmission, minimize glare, and remove excessive parallax.
  • Excellent Shockproof, Waterproof and Fogproof Performance: Ruggedly constructed from a single piece aircraft grade aluminum tube to withstand recoils and ensure shockproof performance. Passed more than 500 rounds of 1000G impact tests with no issues. O-ring sealed and nitrogen purged for waterproof and fogproof performance.
Bestseller No. 2
Arken Optics SH4 GEN2 4-16X50 Rifle Scope FFP MOA VPR Illuminated Reticle with Zero Stop - 34mm Tube
  • Arken Products are designed to combine quality, performance and precision with tremendous value. The SH4 GEN2 4-16X50 first focal plane riflescope is incredibly versatile and ideal for close to long range scenarios.
  • The SH4 have a simple but rugged zero stop mechanism. Fully multi-coated lenses provide superior light transmission for exceptional clarity and low-light performance.
  • AZS Zero Stop System offers an easy to set, fast and reliable return to zero. Side knob parallax adjust allows quick and easy parallax adjustments with range numbers visible while in the shooting position.
  • Christmas-tree style reticle with an illuminated center dot for accurate subtensions across magnification levels, along with a fast focus eyepiece for easy reticle focusing.
  • A single piece tube constructed from aircraft grade aluminum ensures strength and shockproof performance. O-ring sealed and nitrogen purged, delivers waterproof and fogproof performance.
Bestseller No. 3
Arken Optics LH-4 6-24x50 FFP MOA VPR Rifle Scope with Illuminated Reticle and Capped Tool-less Turrets - 30mm Tube
  • Precision and Durability: Built to meet the ARKEN standard for precision and durability, this rifle scope performs reliably in the most challenging environments.
  • Illuminated Reticle: Equipped with an illuminated reticle, the ARKEN LH-4 enhances visibility in low-light conditions, allowing for quick and precise target acquisition.
  • Fully Capped Tool-less Turrets: The LH-4 features fully capped turret assemblies, enabling easy and secure adjustments without the need for additional tools. This ensures convenience and reliability in the field.
  • Lightweight Design: Designed with 30mm tube as a lightweight hunting optics, the LH-4 provides ease of handling without compromising on performance.
  • Versatile Application: Suitable for a wide range of hunting scenarios, the LH-4 FFP Rifle Scope excels in various hunting conditions and terrains. Experience superior performance and reliability with the ARKEN LH-4 FFP Rifle Scope. Whether you're hunting in dense forests or wide-open fields, this optics ensures exceptional clarity and accuracy, helping you achieve success on every hunt.

Last update on 2024-05-22 / Ads

How Many Clicks is 1 MOA?

The MOA of a scope and reticle is typically measured in 1/4″. Sometimes, cheap scopes may have ½” increments per click. In this case, the adjustment for an MOA would be 2 clicks rather than 4. When using your rifle or any other weapon system that you want to make shots with precision at distance ranges while maintaining accuracy; it’s important to keep these things in mind when making adjustments so that you maintain optimum performance throughout.

When a shooter sets the scope to 1 MOA, it means that they are adjusting their aim so that one click will result in a quarter-inch of change on where the bullet is going to land once fired. When making 4 clicks – which equates to ˝ an inch at 100 yards – you can say with certainty that your rifle has been adjusted for targeting ¼ inches. Remembering this and taking into account 8 clicks equal 2 MOA or two inches at 100 yards, you’re able measure how far off target your shot might be depending on what setting your reticle was set before firing!

How Many Inches Are in 1 MOA?

The short answer to this question is that 1 MOA equals 1 inch for every 100 yards, but if you want the exact measurement then it’s about 1.047 inches per one MOA. You can measure 2MOA as being exactly 2 x .094 =1.89″ or just multiply your distance by 50/100 and divide by two (if there are less than 12″).

The long answer: Sure, let me tell you all about how much I know! A single milliradian of angle measures out at approximately 3 feet in length which means a mile would be equal to 833 mills while 4 miles would equate 5008 MILLS worth of Milli radians!

Does Magnification Change MOA?

Magnification is an important factor in shooting accuracy, but it can also be a hindrance. When magnification of the optic exceeds 1x (for example 10x), the shooter’s ability to engage targets at short distances suffers greatly because they have difficulty locating and aiming on their target with pinpoint precision when there are so many crosshairs being displayed through that scope lens. However, if you’re firing from far away or want better eye relief while sitting down then higher magnifications may work well for you!

Magnification allows shooters to achieve more accurate shots by providing them with greater detail which leads to much smaller MOA adjustments than what would happen without using any magnification whatsoever. For instance, say your optic has 10 power zoom capability.

moa vs mrad reticle scope
moa vs mrad reticle scope

What is MIL Dot/MRAD?

The milliradian, or MRAD as it is commonly referred to in the military and tactical communities, provides a more precise way of measuring angles when using an optic. The small unit not only allows for better accuracy on targets at distances but also helps make taking shots from far away easier by reducing bullet drift that can come with shooting optics too close to zero magnification.

The mil-radian (or “milli” – radian) measures angle which has been used primarily in gunsights (rifle scopes). It’s often abbreviated MIlRAd because this stands for Millimeter/Radiangle degree — these are derived units since they cannot be written out without prefixes like meters per second or seconds squared.”

MIL or MRAD stands for milliradian and is used to measure a unit of angle. MIL or MRAD are the base units specified by SI, also known as International System of Units (SI).

When you combine an angular measurement with a metric or imperial distance, both MIL and MOA are based on the same units. For example, 1 radian equals 57.3 degrees which is equivalent to 180/π milliradians (approximately 0.56853) In order for either of these measurements to be useful in converting from one system into another it must be combined with at least one unit conversion factor that converts between metrics and Imperials such as meters per inch or feet per yard

Neither MIL nor MRAD are base on either the metric system or imperial systems because they only have length when used together with some other measure like a radius measured by inches in diameter of circles where there’s circumference subtended angles can also equal yards.

Though they are fundamentally different tools, MIL-Dot Reticle /MRAD and MOA both provide angular measurements. The difference is that while a measurement of 1 mil equals 10 centimeters at 100 meters or 0.2 inches at 1000 yards, it’s equivalent to the angle subtended by one yardstick length (3 feet) when measuring from 3′ away; in other words:

1 MRAD = 60″ @ 300m = 1 m @ 180°  or  10 cm@100m=0.5cm@180°

What Does MIL/MRAD Mean?

In a riflescope, there are 360 degrees. You can divide each of the 360-degree circles into 6.283 radians and 57.3° for every one degree in these small sections you have an angular unit called milliradians (MIL).

Most Popular MARD / MIL DOT Scopes Toaday

Bestseller No. 1
Arken Optics SH4J 6-24X50 Rifle Scope FFP MIL VPR Illuminated Reticle with Zero Stop - 34mm Tube
  • Arken Products are designed to combine quality, performance and precision with tremendous value. The SH-4J raises the bar, now coming standard with Japanese ELD glass and choice of reticle (VPR or VHR).
  • The SH4 have a simple but rugged zero stop mechanism. Fully multi-coated lenses provide superior light transmission for exceptional clarity and low-light performance.
  • AZS Zero Stop System offers an easy to set, fast and reliable return to zero. Side knob parallax adjust allows quick and easy parallax adjustments with range numbers visible while in the shooting position.
  • Christmas-tree style reticle with an illuminated center dot for accurate subtensions across magnification levels, along with a fast focus eyepiece for easy reticle focusing.
  • A single piece tube constructed from aircraft grade aluminum ensures strength and shockproof performance. O-ring sealed and nitrogen purged, delivers waterproof and fogproof performance.
Bestseller No. 2
CVLIFE 2-7x32 Rifle Scope - Mil-Dot Reticle - Ultra Long Eye Relief and Crisp Image - 1-inch Tube Scope with Free 20mm Scope Rings
80 User Reviewed This Product!
CVLIFE 2-7x32 Rifle Scope - Mil-Dot Reticle - Ultra Long Eye Relief and Crisp Image - 1-inch Tube Scope with Free 20mm Scope Rings
  • CVLIFE 2-7x32 Scope features everything that everyone needs in a scope or more, delivering no compromise on optimal high-density image, tough performance and tremendous precision.
  • The moderate eye relief, ultra-forgiving fast focus eyepiece and the CVLIFE mil-dot reticle help get a clear sight and accurate reticle focusing on a wide range of scenarios.
  • Features anti-reflective, fully multi-coated coating on air-to-glass lenses to enhance clarity, provide superior light transmission, and minimize glare.
  • Capped resettable turrets are finger adjustable with accurate and clearly audible 1/4 MOA clicks that can be reset to zero after sighting in. Max Windage/Elevation Adjustment: ±30 MOA.
  • Constructed from a single piece aircraft grade aluminum tube ensures strength and shockproof performance. Nitrogen purged for waterproof and fogproof performance.
$30.00 Discounted ! ! ! Grab The Deal Now !Bestseller No. 3
CVLIFE EagleFeather 4-16X44 Side Focus Parallax Rifle Scope for Hunting, Illuminated Mil-Dot Reticle, 30mm Tube Long Range Scope, Second Focal Plane Riflescope
  • Ultra High-Performance 4-16x Scope: CVLIFE EagleFeather 4-16X44 Hunting Scope provides versatile performance for short to medium-range aiming, including side focus parallax dial, dual color Illumination, mid-dot reticle, and accessories such as sunshade and flip covers that support use in harsh environments.
  • Side Focus Parallax Dial: Side Focus Parallax Dial provides users with image focusing and parallax elimination, with an adjustment range down to 20 yards and up to 400 yards, allowing you to obtain sharper images at close or medium distances.
  • Precision Exposed Locking Turrets: Exposed turrets allow quick, precise windage and elevation adjustments with fingers, with tactile and audible clicks. The quick adjustments with locking and resetting to zero are useful in situations that require quick reactions.
  • HD Lenses & Etched Glass Illuminated Reticle: Fully multi-coated lenses provide excellent light transmission and color reproduction for improved edge-to-edge clarity. Combined with etched glass Dual-Illuminated Reticle, it enhances low-light performance and allows you to see details clearly under different lighting conditions.
  • Great Construction: This 4-16x scope is made of a 30mm one-piece aircraft grade 6061 aluminum tube, it still holds zero after 1000 rounds of 5.56/.223 through it. Equipped with an O-ring seal, fog resistance, and waterproof capabilities, it ensures long-lasting durability.

Last update on 2024-05-22 / Ads

How Many MILS is a Degree?

The use of MILS in measuring angles is both a product and reflection of the military-industrial complex. When originally conceived, it was done so to make distances more manageable for soldiers who were using radians as their principle tool when making calculations on how far they had traveled or needed to go.

MILs are used by militaries around the world because unlike degrees which can be divided up into decimal points where there are 360° in one complete circle, 1 milliradian (1 mrad) equals 57 3/1000ths of a degree with only 62832mrad per full revolution or 1000mrd @ 100 yards (~300cm). This system makes distance measurements much easier than having ratios like 2 inches = 10 centimeters.

How Many Clicks is 1 MIL Dot?

A MIL (minute of angle) is a unit which can be used to measure how far or close an object appears. 1/10th of that, known as one click, equals 3.6 inches at 100 yards when using the rifle scope reticle ; meaning you would have to adjust your bullet’s position by 36 inches in order for the target to appear where it should on a scale from 0-180 degrees and 180+ degrees respectively.

The common ¼ inch increment that can be found in most rifle scopes nowadays is the result of this. However, not all riflescopes are made equal, which means these values may vary depending on where they were manufactured and what type of scope it was meant to fit- because some have more increments than others!

The 1/4″ increment you see in many modern day rifle scopes has a long history behind its development due back to World War II when American soldiers needed precise aiming points for their targets.  Although today’s technology allows us to measure distances with laser sights or digital indicators we still use the older principle if an infantryman wants his bullet accurately placed each time he shoots at someone from 400 yards away. 

How Many Inches is 1 MIL?

The MILDOT scope is a fascinating device that was originally designed for use by military snipers. The width of the lines on these scopes corresponds to 100 yards, and each line represents 3.6 inches in distance at this range; so there are 4 MILs per inch or 20 MILs across 1 yard of space printed onto the reticule grid!

The Military Intervention Devices Optical Tubes (MILDOTS) were specifically designed with distances between dots representing specific values from one end up to infinity – it’s all about your shot placement accuracy!

Does Magnification Change Mil-Dot/MRAD?

The shooter must consider the distances in order to adjust their scope accordingly. For example, when a target is close-by and there are two dots on either side of the crosshair; setting up your rifle with an appropriate magnification will make it easier for you to accurately hit what’s thrown into focus by the reticle. The second focal plane system adjusts magnification automatically without having any effect on how well you can aim at something from afar or near distance—in other words, no matter where its set up as long as adjustments have been made correctly based off of each range possible that could be encountered during shooting practice .

How Much is 1 MIL Dot/MRAD at 100/200/400/1000 Yards?

The Mil system makes it easy to calculate the impact of a rifle at different ranges. 1 mil is 3.6 inches, 7.2 inches for 200 yards and 14.4 in 400-yard range or 36 in 1000 yard range which adds up to huge impacts on long distance shooting!

The impact of the absolute distance for long-range targeting is significantly higher than at short distances in a MIL based scope and reticle. This can be seen from how it takes 1,000 yards to make one MRAD change on your elevation adjustment while only 100 yards will do so with an MOA base. The small incremental changes that are necessary when shooting longer ranges often come as smaller increments (1/10th) which makes them perfect for use with MIL bases found in many scopes or reticles designed by military snipers who require accuracy up to 1000 meters away!

Difference Between MIL and MOA?

The same distance is measured by different units, depending on the type of target. A MIL for a rifle would be equal to 3.6 inches at 100 yards and one MOA equals 1 inch at 100 yards; this means that you can convert from MOA into mils by dividing it by 3.43 while converting your measurements in milliradians back to degrees (Degrees x 1000)/3240=MOAs where there are 3600 seconds in an hour which come out as 60 minutes times 12 = 720 degress/3600 sec or 15 Degrees per Minute).

Ever wonder how to convert MOA (Minutes of Angle) into Mils or vice versa? As you can see, it’s pretty straightforward. The conversion is simply the inverse: 1/3 Mil = 3MOA=1″ @ 100yds. But if you want a more precise estimation for your drop at hundred yards when looking at conversions between MIL and MOAs – be sure to use this handy calculator! Turret adjustment is also a fact when shoot to target.

Pros and Cons of MOA or MRAD: 

The metric system is commonly used among mensuration professionals. Meters, centimeters and millimeters are the main units of measure for length while meters per second or liters per minute represent volume. For those who prefer to think in terms of yards and inches, MOA may be a better option as it can also work with these measurements but there’s no need to convert them into any other unit because they’re already measured accurately enough.

There is no ultimate right or wrong when you compare Mil vs MOA and consider whether milliradian or minute of angle are easier to use. MIL based scopes and reticles are usually the choice for long-distance shooters, but some prefer using MOAs because it’s a more intuitive unit system in terms of how many inches there will be per 100 yards.

There is no absolute answer as to which unit measurement – mils versus minutes (MOA) – should be used by riflemen looking down their sights on targets at different distances; this largely comes down to personal preference with both units being equally easy enough if one has experience shooting from various ranges before making an informed decision.

MRAD or MOA Which One is more Accurate?

Choosing a point of aim for long-range shooting can be tricky. Some shooters will prefer to use MOA while others may opt for MRAD, but the most important factor is accuracy and precision when using either measurement system. For example, it’s not uncommon on scopes with an adjustable magnification under 10x that windage or elevation adjustments are in increments smaller than one minute which could lead to frequent error if you’re trying to adjust based off such small numbers from far away targets; however this issue doesn’t typically arise when measuring distance through MOA because each degree translates into just .3″.

With MOA based scopes and reticles, 1 inch is equal to 2.5 inches at 1000 yards which means that every click of the scope will give you a different view depending on what distance it’s set for. This can be tricky when trying to line up your sights because if they’re not lined up properly then once you move past 1000 yards there won’t be enough room between shots before hitting another target without adjusting again each time.

When using the same measurements for MRAD it should be noted that mostly MRAD can be adjusted in 1/10th clicks. As a result, not only is there more precision when measuring long distances but also these adjustments are quicker and easier to make than with MIL-based scopes which makes them better suited for targeting at longer range or shooting where quick adjustment of scope setting is necessary.

MRAD offers slightly less accuracy when it comes to long-range shooting. This is mainly because many scopes can be adjusted to .1 MRAD or 1/10th of a Milliradian per click. At 1,000 yards one tenth of a milliradian equals 3.6 inches while quarter MOA equates 2 and half inch groups at the same distance so if you shoot within an inch group then MILs are your best bet however for most shooters and hunters this difference will not matter too much with both being pretty close in terms of quality measurements such as MOA vs MIL.

A hunting addicted person who love to explore the word and do hunting life long. I am sharing my knowledge about rifle hunting on this blog. I have 17 years experience on air rifle hunting and I really enjoy this job .

Albert Smith

A hunting addicted person who love to explore the word and do hunting life long. I am sharing my knowledge about rifle hunting on this blog. I have 17 years experience on air rifle hunting and I really enjoy this job .

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